Conditions, Pain Management Services

Pelvic Pain

Pelvic pain, a common health concern affecting a significant number of people worldwide, refers to discomfort that occurs in the lowest part of the torso, the area below the abdomen and between the hip bones. It can be steady, or it might come and go. It can be sharp and stabbing, or it can be a dull ache. Here’s an overview of its causes, diagnostics, and treatments.

Causes of Pelvic Pain

The causes of pelvic pain are often related to the reproductive, digestive, or urinary systems. Some common causes include:


This is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows in other places in the body outside the uterus.

Chronic Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Often caused by a long-standing sexually transmitted infection, this disease can cause scarring in the pelvic organs.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

This is a condition affecting the large intestine. Symptoms include cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, and diarrhea or constipation.

Interstitial Cystitis (Painful bladder syndrome)

A condition causing frequent urination and bladder pressure.

Pelvic Congestion Syndrome

This happens when varicose veins develop around the ovaries, similar to varicose veins that occur in the legs.


Diagnosing pelvic pain can be a complex process due to the numerous potential causes. A doctor might start by discussing your medical history and performing a physical examination. Depending on the initial assessment, additional tests might include:

  • Lab Tests: Urine, blood, or stool tests can help identify signs of infection or other abnormalities.

  • Ultrasound: This imaging test uses sound waves to create pictures of the internal organs, which can help identify potential sources of pelvic pain.

  • CT Scan/MRI: These imaging tests can provide detailed views of the structures within the pelvis.

  • Laparoscopy: In some cases, doctors might suggest a laparoscopy, which allows them to view the pelvic organs and can often determine the source of pelvic pain.


Treatment Options

Treatment for pelvic pain depends on the cause, the intensity of the pain, and whether the patient wishes to become pregnant. Some common treatment options include:

  • Pain Relief Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers or prescription pain medications can help manage the pain.

  • Hormone Treatments: Conditions such as endometriosis might respond well to treatments that help regulate the menstrual cycle.

  • Antibiotics: If an infection is causing pelvic pain, antibiotics can help treat the infection.

  • Physical Therapy: Physical therapy techniques might be useful in reducing some types of pelvic pain.

  • Surgery: In severe cases, or when other treatments aren’t effective, surgery might be necessary to remove the source of the pain.



Pelvic pain can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. If you’re experiencing pelvic pain, it’s essential to seek medical attention to determine the cause and start a suitable treatment plan. Early diagnosis and intervention can lead to better management and potential resolution of the pain, enhancing one’s overall well-being.